Upper Yamuna River Board is a subordinate office under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India. A memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed by the Chief Ministers of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Utter Pradesh, Rajasthan and National Capital Territory of Delhi on 12th May, 1994 regarding allocation of utilizable surface flow of River Yamuna upto Okhla Barrage among the co-basin States. The MoU provides for creation of a board called Upper Yamuna River Board(UYRB). UYRB was constituted by the Resolution No. 10(66)/71-IT dated 11th March 1995 of MoWR, RD & GR, Govt. of India.
The Board shall consist of Member, Central Water Commission as part time Chairman and one nominee each from the States of Utter Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, and National Capital Territory of Delhi not below the rank of the Chief Engineer, a Chief Engineer from Central Electricity Authority and representatives of Central Ground Water Board and Central Pollution Control Board as part time Members. The Board shall have a full time Member-Secretary who does not belong to beneficiary states. All the posts of UYRB Secretariat are filled on deputation basis from Staff/Officers of Central/State Government.
As per Resolution dated 11th March, 1995, there shall be a “Upper Yamuna Review Committee(UYRC)” comprising of the Chief Ministers (Governor in case of President’s Rule) of the States of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Utter Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and National Capital Territory of Delhi under the Chairmanship of the Hon’ble Minister, MoWR, RD & GR, Govt. of India for assessment of working of the UYRB and ensure implementation of MoU dated 12.05.1994 regarding allocation of surface flow of Yamuna and issue directions as may be necessary for the proper development and management of the upper reaches of the Yamuna River Basin upto and including Okhla Barrage.
The main function of Upper Yamuna River Board is to regulate the allocation of available flows amongst the beneficiary States and also monitoring the return flows; monitoring conserving and upgrading the quality of surface and ground water; maintaining hydro-meteorological data for the basin; over viewing plans for watershed management; monitoring and reviewing the progress of all projects upto and including Okhla barrage. The Board has started the process of installation of telemetry system to observe discharge at 11 locations in the basin to ensure real-time dissemination of flow data amongst participating States.
The States have agreed that a minimum flow in proportion of completion of upstream storages going upto 10 cumec shall be maintained downstream of Tajewala/ Hathnikund and downstream of Okhla Headwork throughout the year from ecological considerations as upstream storages are built up progressively in a phased manner. Meanwhile, Hon’ble NGT ordered vide order dated 11.06.2015 that “The state of Haryana shall release of 10 cumec water directly into main stream of river Yamuna from Hathnikund Barrage and maintain e-flow of the river till Wazirabad. Accordingly, at present,10 cumec water is being released from Hathnikund Barrage directly into the river in compliance of the aforesaid order.
Government of India has included the three proposed storage projects in the upper reaches of Yamuna and its tributaries known as Renukaji Dam, Kishau Dam and Lakhwar-Vyasi Projects as National Projects for which 90% of the cost of irrigation and drinking water supply component of the project shall be provided by the Government of India. Investment clearance for Lakhwar project on River Yamuna was accorded by Govt. of India in April, 2016 and further activities regarding the development of the project are in progress. Vyasi Project on River Yamuna is under construction and 40% work has been completed. The project is scheduled for commissioning by December, 2018. An MoU has been signed between Govt. of Uttarakhand and Govt. of Himachal Pradesh on dated 20th June, 2015 for the execution of Kishau MPP on River Tons, tributary of River Yamuna in Sirmaur Distt., HP and in Dehradun Distt., Uttarakhand as the project is to be executed through a joint venture between Govt. of both the States. Memorandum of Association (MoA), Article of Association (AoA) and Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Uttarakhand & Himachal Pradesh for the execution of Kishau MPP has been approved by the Government of Uttarakhand vide letter dated 27.07.2016 of Secretary, Power, Govt. of Uttarakhand, Dehradun. Land acquisition and other activities for the Renukaji Dam Project on river Giri, tributary of River Yamuna are in progress.
UYRB has organized 49 meeting of the Board and 6 meeting of the UYRC since its constitution to till date and has been working on various related issues amongst the Basin States of Upper Yamuna reaches.