COMMAND AREA DEVELOPMENT AND WATER MANAGEMENT (CAD&WM) PROGRAMME
The main objective of CAD&WM Programme is to enhance utilisation of irrigation potential created and improve agriculture productivity and production on a sustainable basis through integrated and coordinated approach involving multidisciplinary team. The programme was launched in 1974-75 and was restructured and renamed as Command Area Development and Water Management (CADWM) Programme w.e.f. 1-4-2004. The scheme has been implemented as a State Sector Scheme during the XI Five Year Plan (2008-09 to 2011-12). During XII Plan, the CADWM programme has been implemented pari-passu with Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP). The programme is being implemented under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna (PMKSY) - Har Khet Ko Pani from 2015-16. The ongoing CADWM programme has now been restricted to implementation of CAD works of 99 prioritized AIBP projects.
Components of CADWM Programme:
Components of Command Area Development and Water Management being implemented for completion of CAD works of the prioritised AIBP projects are:
OFD works typically comprise of construction of field channels, land levelling, and realignment of field boundaries. Construction of a requisite infrastructure for Micro-irrigation, in lieu of above typical works, is also part of the OFD works.
The core component of the programme is construction of field channels from the outlet to each and every field of the irrigation command. To promote Water Use Efficiency in irrigation, at least 10% of the Culturable Command Area (CCA) of each project under the Programme during XII Plan is to be covered with micro irrigation in lieu of field channels for development of infrastructure to facilitate installation of sprinkler/drip irrigation systems. The cost for on-farm micro irrigation (sprinkler/drip) systems is to be borne by the farmers with support from the extant programme in Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Funds under PMKSY (HKKP) for the CAD component as per Cost Sharing Ratios as below:
|Sl.No.||Activities Eligible for Funding||Cost Sharing Ratio|
|(a)||All activities of Structural interventions||50:50 (Centre : State)|
|(b)||All activities of Non-Structural interventions excluding Functional Grant to WUAs||60:40 (Centre : State)|
|(c)||Functional Grant to registered WUAs||45:45:10 (Centre: State: farmer)|
|(d)||Incremental Establishment Cost||50:50 (Centre : State)|
For the eight North Eastern States and the three Himalayan States of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttarakhand, the cost sharing norms for ‘All activities of Non-Structural interventions except Functional Grant to WUAs’ will be 75:25 (Centre : State) in lieu of 60:40 norm applicable for other States.