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Ground Water Management Studies

Keeping in view the existing and the emerging challenges confronting the ground water sector in the country, the scheme on “Ground Water Management and Regulation” during XII Plan period was designed for National Project on Aquifer Management (NAQUIM) with an overall objective of proper assessment and management of groundwater resources so as to ensure sustainability of ground water resources.

Ground Water Management and Regulation Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation during 12th plan (2012-17) with an estimated cost of Rs 3319 Crore. The Scheme of Ground Water Management and Regulation consists of continuing activities from the XI Plan and certain new activities have been added during XII Plan with emphasis on ground water management in a participatory mode The Scheme has four components: (a) Aquifer Mapping, (b) Participatory Ground Water Management, (c) Technological up-gradation and (d) Ground Water Monitoring, Assessment, Regulation, Publication, Seminars, Awards, technical assistance to states and spill over work of the project of Artificial Recharge & Exploration. The first two activities i.e. Aquifer mapping and participatory ground water management are new components.


  • Aquifer Mapping for Delineation of Aquifer disposition in 3-D along with their characterization on1:50,000 scale in 8.89 lakh and further detailing up to 1:10,000 scale in limited areas falling in the Over-Exploited, Critical and Semi-critical categories of Assessment units as well as water quality and other problem/ vulnerable areas.
  • Quantify water availability and water quality parameters to formulate Aquifer Management Plan for facilitating sustainable management of ground water resources at regional and local level through participatory management approach with involvement of community and stakeholders.
  • Regulate and control the development and management of ground water resources.
  • Upgradation of technological capabilities and infrastructure of the Central Ground Water Board to meet the upcoming challenges in ground water field with best international practices in accordance with Bench Marking report prepared by United States Geological Survey (USGS) Experts.
  • To increase capacity building in all aspects of ground water development and management through information dissemination, education, awareness and training. Training will be focused on ground water mapping and preparation of Aquifer Management Plans (AMP), quality check of various maps/reports generated in the project and also implementation mechanism through participatory approach.
  • Enhance coordination with concerned Central / State Government Organizations and Academic/Research Institutions for sustainable ground water management.
  • Periodic monitoring of ground water level and water quality for creation of long term data for updating ground water resource estimation at aquifer unit level.

Implementation Mechanism

  • A National Inter-Departmental Steering Committee (NISC) has been constituted as the apex body for overall guidance for the implementation of the Project at National level. Secretary, MoWR is the Chairman, with representatives from related Ministries like Science & Technology, Earth Sciences, Rural Development, Drinking Water & Sanitation, etc. The Principal Secretaries of the Nine States where ground water is substantially extracted are members of the NISC.
  • The project will be implemented by Central Ground Water Board which is a subordinate office of Ministry of Water Resources,River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Govt. of India. A Project Management Group (PMG) constituted within the Ministry under the Chairmanship of the Secretary (WR) which will be responsible for monitoring and guidance of the activities related to the Project implementation. The other members will be Special /Additional Secretary (WR), Joint Secretary (A), Joint Secretary & FA, MOWR and Chairman, CGWB.
  • A Project Monitoring Unit (PMU) has been constituted in Central Ground Water Board for batter implementation and coordination of National Project on Aquifer Management (NAQUIM) activities.