“Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana”

    Publish Date: November 1, 2023

    Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana – Accelerated irrigation Benefits Programme
    Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched during the year 2015-16 to enhance physical access of water on farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.

    PMKSY is an umbrella scheme, consisting of two major components being implemented by Ministry of Jal Shakti, namely, Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), and Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP). HKKP, in turn, consists of four sub-components: (i) Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM); (ii) Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI); (iii) Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies; and (iv) Ground Water (GW) Development (approval only till 2021-2022, and thereafter only for ongoing works). Further, in 2016, CAD&WM sub-component of HKKP was taken up for pari passu implementation with AIBP.

    In addition, PMKSY also consists of Watershed Development component (WDC) which is being implemented by Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development. Further, Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) component being implemented by Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (DoA&FW) was also a component of PMKSY during 2016-21, and is now being implemented separately by DoA&FW.


    Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) is one of the components of PMKSY, whereby partial financial assistance is being provided by Government of India for identified major/ medium irrigation projects.

    During 2016-17, ninety-nine (99) on-going major/medium irrigation projects (and 7 phases) were identified as priority projects to be taken up under PMKSY-AIBP. Assured financial assistance was provisioned for these projects by this Ministry under Long Term Irrigation Fund, with borrowings from NABARD. Out of these projects, AIBP works of 53 prioritized projects have been reported to be completed. The remaining 53 projects are at different stages of implementation, with progress in 22 projects being more than 90%, whereas 13 projects report progress between 80 to 90%.

    Further, after approval of implementation of PMKSY during 2021-2026, seven number of additional irrigation projects have been included under PMKSY-AIBP from 2021-22 onwards, which are presently under implementation.


    1. CAD&WM

    a. The Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM) Program was started as a centrally sponsored scheme in the year 1974-75 with the objective to bridge the gap between irrigation potential created and utilized. All CAD&WM works are planned, designed, tendered and executed by the State Governments through its pertinent Departments.

    b. The key objectives of CAD&WM include enhancing utilization of irrigation potential created, and improvement of agriculture production on a sustainable basis through participatory irrigation management (PIM). Further, in order to promote water use efficiency in irrigation, the CAD&WM programme has also been targeting at least 10% of the culturable command area (CCA) of the included projects for development of micro-irrigation infrastructure for facilitating use of sprinkler/ drip/ pivots irrigation systems. In addition, the scheme also promotes use of underground pipeline network (UGPN) because of their greater acceptability by the farmers (on account of savings of land); long durability of structure ; ease of control and discipline; adaptability (through pumping) for undulating land; establishment of first right by tail-end users; and prevention of pilferage.

    c. The activities covered under CAD&WM are broadly categorized as ‘structural’ and ‘non-structural’. Structural interventions are directed at bringing hydraulic connectivity to the tail-end farms through greater penetration of lined/ unlined field channels/ field drains. The non-structural intervention of CAD&WM program aims at strengthening of participatory irrigation management (PIM) in canal irrigated command through creation of Water User Association (WUAs), and also their capacity building through trainings and field demonstrations.

    d. The program was brought under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna – Har Khet Ko Pani (PMKSY-HKKP) from 2015-16 onwards. With the new scheme of 99 prioritized AIBP projects approved by Government of India in July 2016, financial assistance under this component has been restricted to 88 out of 99 prioritized projects, targeting CCA of 45 Lakh hectares.

    e. The assessment of progress of ongoing CAD&WM projects is done through monitoring visits undertaken by CWC field offices (CAD cells) and by Project Monitoring Unit (PMU) established in the Ministry in respect of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna (PMKSY). Further, periodical reviews of the program is also undertaken at DoWR, RD&GR level.

    f. Detailed information on the program is available on CADWM portal (


    Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI) schemes, i.e., schemes having irrigation potential less than 2,000 hectare, were included under Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) for providing financial assistance, since 1999-2000 for special category states. Subsequently, the scheme has been extended to area covering DPAP, Tribal, DDP, flood prone, left wing extremist and Koraput, Bolangir and Kalahandi (KBK) region of Odisha. The scheme of SMI is now a part of PMKSY (HKKP).

    Further, a pilot scheme for “Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies directly linked to Agriculture” was launched in January 2005 for implementation during the remaining period of Xth Five Year Plan, with an outlay of Rs. 300 crores. The scheme was sanctioned in respect of 1098 water bodies in 26 districts of 15 States with a target to create 0.78 lakh ha of additional irrigation potential.

    In view of success of the above pilot scheme, Government of India launched a state sector scheme for Repair, Renovation & Restoration (RRR) of water bodies with two components (i) one with external assistance and (ii) another with domestic support for implementation during XIth Plan. Subsequently, a new scheme for Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies as a State Sector Scheme with domestic budgetary support was sanctioned during the XII Plan.

    Thereafter, with the launch of PMKSY, the scheme of RRR of water bodies has become a part of PMKSY (HKKP). Further details in respect of SMI as well as RRR of water bodies are available at